INSTRUMENT DISINFECTION AND STERILIZATION GUIDELINES

User must adhere to instrument sterilization sequence.

MANICURE INSTRUMENTS CLEANING STAGES

  1. Disinfection

  2. Presterilizing cleaning

  3. Sterilization




After use all instruments must be considered contaminated, and they are subject to mandatory sterilization. Instruments must be sterilized before first use as well.

After use instruments must be cleaned from foreign contaminants and soaked in disinfectant.

It is recommended to use disinfectants that are efficient against hepatitis B and C viruses, and dermatomycosis.


IMPORTANT!

Please adhere to use guidelines for the selected product during instrument disinfection. Failure to adhere to solution preparation and exposure guidelines may result in rusting and degradation of cutting edges. Do not clean contaminated instruments with running water to prevent dissemination of pathogenic microorganisms with splashes.


After disinfection instruments must be rinsed with water to wash away disinfectant and dried completely.

STERILIZATION METHODS:

  1. Physical (treatment by steam, hot air)

  2. Chemical (treatment by chemical solutions, gas, plasma)

Each method requires specific equipment.

Chemical method is used to sterilize non heat resistant objects by means of soaking in the chemical agent solution. Solution temperature and exposure time should be chosen in accordance with manufacturer’s guidelines.




IMPORTANT!

During high-temperature sterilization presence of traces of disinfectant or water may cause rusting. Do not exceed maximum allowed exposure time or temperature during autoclave or dry-air sterilization. This results in loss of corrosion resistance of the steel instruments are made of. After autoclave or dry-air sterilization you must leave instruments in the autoclave or drying oven until they cool down completely (at least one hour). Otherwise, due to the sharp temperature drop, steel deteriorates on the molecular level (loss of hardness), and resharpening will be required much more often.


Manufacturer recommends not to use glass bead sterilizers. Failure to comply with this recommendation may lead to mechanical damage of instruments and/or insufficient sterilization.

INSUFFICIENT CLEANING OR DISINFECTION OF INSTRUMENTS, AS WELL AS SKIPPING ONE OF THE CLEANING STAGES, AFFECT THE EFFICIENCY OF STERILIZATION GREATLY.

WHEN CLEANING INSTRUMENTS MANUALLY, IT IS IMPORTANT TO:

  1. Be vaccinated against hepatitis B

  2. Use personal protection (hair cover, face mask, long rubber gloves, lab coat, liquid-proof apron)

  3. Apply lubricant (lubricating oil) to hinges, ends, threads and sliding surfaces to prevent corrosion

  4. Avoid using brass/copper wire brushes, metal sponges for dishes, etc.

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